A medical examination is the only way to find changes inside your eye. An eye care provider can often diagnose diabetic retinopathy before you are aware of any vision problems. It is important to know that today, with improved methods of diagnosis and treatment, only a small percentage of people who develop retinopathy have serious vision problems. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy is the best protection against vision loss.
You can significantly lower your risk of vision loss by maintaining strict control of your blood sugar and visiting your eye doctor regularly. People with diabetes should schedule a dilated examination at least once a year. More frequent medical eye examinations may be necessary after the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy.